Touline

SCA endorses products with the Toxic-Free Tick, that do not contain touline. “Breathing toluene vapors in small amounts may cause a mild headache, dizziness, drowsiness, or nausea. With more serious exposure, toluene may cause sleepiness, stumbling, irregular heartbeat, fainting, or even death. Toluene vapor is mildly irritating to the skin, eyes, and lungs.” - ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry.

CLASSIFICATION

CAS No: 108-88-3. An aromatic compound, possibly contaminated with benzene. "Synonym(s): BENZENE, METHYL; BENZENE, METHYL-; METHYL- BENZENE; METHYLBENZENE; TOLUOL; ANTISAL 1A; BENZENE, METHYL-; CP 25; METHACIDE; METHANE, PHENYL-; METHYLBENZENE" - EWG

HOW IS IT USED?


Also identified on labels as Methylbenzene; Toluol and phenylmethane. Used in nail polish to dissolve resins and plasticiers. “Breathing toluene vapors in small amounts may cause a mild headache, dizziness, drowsiness, or nausea. With more serious exposure, toluene may cause sleepiness, stumbling, irregular heartbeat, fainting, or even death. Toluene vapor is mildly irritating to the skin, eyes, and lungs.” - ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry.

RESEARCH - WHAT THE EXPERTS SAY

  • NICNAS - Australia; other names: Benzene Methyl-, Methylbenzene; TOLUENE; Toluol. Not restricted for use. Human Health Tier II assessment - no record of assessment found.

WHAT IS TOULINE?

  • "Toluene is used in making paints, paint thinners, fingernail polish, lacquers, adhesives, and rubber and in some printing and leather tanning processes. It is used in the production of benzene, nylon, plastics, and polyurethane and the synthesis of trinitrotoluene (TNT), benzoic acid, benzoyl chloride, and toluene diisocyanate. It is also added to gasoline along with benzene and xylene to improve octane ratings." - ATSDR.

  • ScienceDirect "Although similar to the neurobehavioral changes of benzene-induced toxic effects, those of toluene toxicity are more severe. Acute exposure causes fatigue, mild confusion, ataxia, and dizziness. Chronic use is associated with euphoria, disinhibition, and tremor. Neurobehavioral effects include decreases in performance IQ, memory abnormalities, poor motor control, decreased visuospatial functioning, and dementia.15 Treatment consists of removal from the source of toluene exposure."


RESOURCES & RECOMMENDED ARTICLES:

Amina Kitching