Chlorine

The main concern is personal hygiene products for women & babies. SCA endorses products with the Toxic-Free Tick, that do not contain chlorine. Chlorine gas is toxic & can be fatal, chlorine can products carcinogenic dioxins “Humans can smell chlorine gas at ranges from 0.1–0.3 ppm. At approximately 40–60 ppm, a toxic pneumonitis and/or acute pulmonary edema can develop. Concentrations of about 400 ppm and beyond are generally fatal over 30 minutes, and at 1,000 ppm and above, fatality ensues within only a few minutes." Chlorine is used to disinfect swimming pools & drinking water as well as treat cotton that is used for feminine hygiene products like tampons & pads as well as baby nappies. Chlorine is also used to sanitise & treat sewage & other industrial waste. Chlorine is also used as an active ingredient in cleaning agents. "Chlorine poisoning can occur when you touch, swallow, or inhale chlorine. Both of these substances can be extremely poisonous to humans.” - www.healthline.com

CLASSIFICATION

CAS No: 7782-50-5.Synonym(s): molecular chlorine; bertholite; chloor; chlorinating. Elemental chlorine gas.

HOW IS IT USED?

Chlorine kills bacteria, it is a common disinfectant. It is used as the bleaching agent in the production of tampons, sanitary pads, toilet paper and baby's nappies. This process can cause dioxins to be detected in trace amounts. It is used to treat drinking water and swimming pool water. It is also used to make other chemical products including dishwashing detergents, chlorine bleach, chlorinated disinfectant cleaners, mildew removers and toilet cleaners as well as paper, paints, textiles, insecticides; it can be found in perfumes and deodorants. Approx. 20% of chlorine produced is used to make PVC.

RESEARCH - WHAT DO THE EXPERTS SAY:

WHAT IS CHLORINE?

  • In an article for Goop, Dr Maggie Ney says that "most cotton tampons—at least 85%, certainly any cotton that is not organic—contain glyphosate, which is problematic because it is a known cancer-causing agent. In fact, the World Health Organization recently ruled it as “probably carcinogenic.” The vagina is a highly permeable space: Anything we put inside can easily be absorbed through the mucus membrane and then into our bloodstream where it presents a toxic burden to the body. Chronic exposure increases our risk of cancer, causes oxidative stress and metabolic changes, and disrupts our endocrine system. This can contribute to adverse developmental, reproductive, neurological, and immunological effects. Conditions such as infertility, endometriosis, and thyroid disorders are all on the rise, for example, and are affected by exposures to chemicals and toxins in our environment." - Goop.com

  • "Activists are calling for more scrutiny of the manufacturing process of a consumer product used by a woman for about a week out of every month of her childbearing years." And, "The Food and Drug Administration regulates menstrual hygiene products as medical devices, a category that also includes dental floss and condoms. The agency recommends manufacturers provide general information on the label about the material composition of the product – such as whether the product is made of cotton or rayon — but does not require the individual ingredients, said Deborah Kotz, an F.D.A. spokeswoman." - New York Times.

RESOURCES & RECOMMENDED ARTICLES:

Amina Kitching