Bronopol

SCA endorses products with the Toxic-Free Tick, that do not contain bronopol. Bronopol is used at low levels, less than 0.1%, in cosmetics & other consumer products, it is approved for use as a preservative for personal-care products & indirect food-contact applications. Bronopol is also used in pharmaceuticals, we are exposed to bronopol directly & indirectly, several industries are leaching this chemical into the environment.

 

CLASSIFICATION

CAS No: 52-51-7. "Synonym(s): 2-BROMO-2-NITROPROPANE-1,3-DIOL, 1,3-PROPANEDIOL, 2-BROMO-2-NITRO-; 1,3PROPANEDIOL, 2BROMO2NITRO; 2-BROMO-2-NITRO- 1,3-PROPANEDIOL; BRONOPOL; 2-BROMO-2-NITRO-1,3-PROPANEDIOL; 2-BROMO-2-NITROPROPAN-1,3-DIOL; 2-BRONOPOL; BETA-BROMO-BETA-NITROTRIMETHYLENEGLYCOL; BRONIDIOL; BRONOCOT; BRONOPOL" - EWG

HOW IS IT USED?

Commonly used in colour cosmetics, liquid hair and baby care products, hand sanitisers, cosmetics, bleaching agents, adhesives, odour agents, topical medical creams, paint and carpets, nail products and all kinds of household cleaning agents.


RESEARCH - WHAT EXPERTS SAY

  • Bronopol is a known formaldehyde releaser in cosmetics, PSIC.

  • NICNAS not restricted for use. Tier I assessment indicated that it needed further investigation. Tier II assessment November 2014.

  • EU Cosmetic Directive 76/768/EEC Annex VI Part 1, List of preservatives allowed (at up to 0.1%);

  • New Zealand Cosmetic Products Group Standard—Schedule 7: Preservatives cosmetic products may contain with restrictions;

  • Health Canada List of prohibited and restricted cosmetic ingredients (The Cosmetic Ingredient ‘Hotlist’)—Permitted at concentrations equal to or less than 0.1%. Not permitted in formulations that contain amines or amides; and

  • US Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Cosmetic ingredients found safe, with qualifications—should not be used in cosmetic products in which N-nitroso compounds can be formed.

WHAT IS BRONOPOL?

  • People are exposed to formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing preservatives (FRP's) every day. For many people, over exposure to this group of chemicals can lead to a formaldehyde allergy.

  • Continued exposure to FRP's can cause severe allergic reactions of the skin and eyes, as well as skin allergies and rashes. Bronopol irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract. "Inhalation: Cough. Sore throat. Skin; Redness. Eyes; Redness. Stinging sensation. Pain. Burns." - ICPS INCHEM

  • "In the USA, approximately 20% of cosmetics and personal care products (stay-on products: 17%, rinse-off products 27%) contain a formaldehyde-releaser." - ATSDR.

RESOURCES & RECOMMENDED ARTICLES:

Amina Kitching