Dioxins

Dioxins are a group of chemically-related compounds that are bioaccumulative persistent environmental pollutants (POPs). Dioxins are highly toxic, they can cause reproductive & developmental issues, as well as damage to the immune system. Dioxins are known to interfere with hormones & cause cancer.

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Amina Kitching
Chlorine

Chlorine is used to disinfect swimming pools & drinking water. Chlorine is used to disinfect swimming pools & drinking water as well as treat cotton that is used for feminine hygiene products like tampons & pads as well as baby nappies. Chlorine is also used to sanitise & treat sewage & other industrial waste.

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Amina Kitching
Butoxyethanol

Butoxyethanol is used as a solvent in hair spray, lacquers & enamels, varnishes & removers, latex paints & in paint thinners & strippers, it is also used in herbicides, cosmetics liquid soaps, commercial & household cleaners as well as dry-cleaning agents.

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Amina Kitching
Ammonia

Ammonia is a cleaning solution commonly used in household and industrial cleaning products; toilet and bathroom cleaners and polishing agents for bathroom fixtures, sinks and jewelry. It is also used in water purifucation, rubber, paper, pharmaceuticals and explosives.

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Amina Kitching
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds QUATS

Quaternary Ammonium Compounds; found in fabric softener liquids, disinfectant wipes and sprays, as well as most household cleaners labeled “antibacterial or disinfectant”. SCA endorses products with the Toxic-Free Tick, that do not contain QUATs. Generally there is a lack of safety data concerning QUATs

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Amina Kitching
Paraphenylenediamine PPD

Hair dye containing paraphenylenediamine (PPD) is widely used in India because of its free availability and low cost. PPD produces local as well as systemic toxic effects when applied topically and/or ingested. It is highly toxic when taken by mouth and the outcome depends mainly on the dose taken.

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Amina Kitching
Hydroquinone

Commonly found in: "Skin lighteners, facial and skin cleansers, facial moisturizers, hair conditioners, finger nail coating products." And, "Hydroquinone is used in cosmetics as an antioxidant, fragrance ingredient and oxidizing agent in hair dyes. Hydroquinone may also be used as a stabilizer that inhibits the polymerization of the adhesive in artificial nails." - CosmeticsInfo.org

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Amina Kitching
Carbon Black

Carbon Black functions as a colourant; "composed of finely divided particles of elemental carbon obtained by the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons (channel or impingement process)." - EWG

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Oxybenzone

SCA endorses products with the Toxic-Free Tick, that do not contain oxybenzone. Some toxicologists believe that oxybenzone is an endocrine-disrupting chemical & that it may mimic hormones, which can cause endometriosis posing a risk to reproductive systems.

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Amina KitchingSunscreen
Petrolatum, petroleum

When properly refined petrolatum is considered safe. However, petroleum derivatives are often not fully refined to remove the carcinogenic impurities. This means that it can be contaminated with highly toxic impurities called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Petroleum is odorless & colorless, it has a very long shelf life making it appealing to cosmetic manufacturers, it is also inexpensive.

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Amina Kitching
Mineral Oil

The World Health Organization classifies untreated or mildly treated mineral oil as Group 1 carcinogens to humans; highly refined oil are classified as Group 3, meaning they are not suspected to be carcinogenic but available information is not sufficient to classify them as harmless.

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Amina Kitching
Isoparaffin

The EWG cites that C13-14 Isoparaffin is considered a pesticide that is inert (chemical inactive) by the Environmental Protection Agency, it could be potentially toxic. Dermatologists advise that paraffin is known to clog pores & that it does not break down easily. Michael Shapiro, dermatologist, says that “Paraffin is overall not good for the skin."

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Amina Kitching
Formaldehyde

Formalin is commonly found in nail hardeners, keratin hair straighteners, shampoo and baby wash including soaps and liquid baby wash.

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Touline

According to ATSDR, “Toluene is absorbed rapidly after inhalation and ingestion. It is absorbed slowly through intact skin; however, percutaneous absorption may contribute to total body burden. Exposure by ingestion or inhalation can cause systemic effects. No information was found to suggest that the pharmacokinetics of toluene in children is different than in adults. Toluene crosses the placenta and is excreted in breast milk.”

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Amina Kitching
Dibutyl phthalate DBP

Linked to early onset of puberty. NICNAS lists DPB as a Priority Existing Chemical. Based on a study involving 15 people, NICNAS has not restricted this chemical for use claiming that there is limited evidence reporting skin irritation or toxicity. Australian products can contain up to 25% Phthalates, despite toxicity concerns.

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Amina Kitching
Xylene

Xylene is a frgarnce component found in many cosmetic products including makeup, skincare creams, lotions and serums, hair care, shampoo and conditioners, scented candles and air fresheners, personal care like deodorant, soap and sunscreen, and of course perfumes, colognes and body sprays.

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Amina Kitching
Benzene

Benzene is hidden in the term 'Fragrance or Perfum' on the ingredient label and used in almost every product from skin care to baby care, cleaning agents, laundry, makeup and more. Benzene is a component of man made fragrances; derived form coal tar, it is a known human carcinogen - it can cause cancer.

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Amina Kitching