Phthalates

SCA endorses products with the Allergy Certified logo, that do not contain Phthalates. According to the EPA's chemical action plan for phthalates[ii], the EPA is concerned about phthalates because of their toxicity and the evidence of pervasive human and environmental exposure to these chemicals. Phthalate exposures are a potential concern for children's health. “EPA is concerned about phthalates because of their toxicity and the evidence of pervasive human and environmental exposure to these chemicals.Phthalates are used in many industrial and consumer products, many of which pose potentially high exposure. Phthalates have been detected in food and also measured in humans.” - www.epa.gov

CLASSIFICATION

  • dibutyl phthalate (DPB): CAS No: 84-74-2

  • dimethyl phthalate (DMP):CAS No: 131-11-3

  • diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP): CAS No:117-81-7

  • diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP):CAS No: 84-69-5

  • dimethyl phthalate (DMP):CAS No: 131-11-3


HOW IS IT USED & WHAT EXPERTS SAY:

  • "DEHP is listed on the Canadian Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist (Health Canada, 2015) as prohibited for use in cosmetics." - NICNAS

  • "According to relevant Australian industry sources, concentrations of DMP in domestic detergents, cosmetics, perfumes and personal care products are highly variable and range from 0.00004% to 34% (in combination with DMP's analogue [structurally very similar compound] diethyl phthalate—DEP)." - NICNAS March 2019

  • NICNAS - "DEHP is also imported as a component of cosmetics - mainly perfumery products - with typical concentrations of approximately 0.05%. It is also reported to be used in toys, but detailed information on content is lacking."

RESEARCH & RECOMMENDED ARTICLES:

  • "Phthalates are a group of chemicals used in hundreds of products, such as toys, vinyl flooring and wall covering, detergents, lubricating oils, food packaging, pharmaceuticals, blood bags and tubing, and personal care products, such as nail polish, hair sprays, aftershave lotions, soaps, shampoos, perfumes and other fragrance preparations." - FDA

In Australia:

  • dibutyl phthalate (DPB): Nail polish

  • dimethyl phthalate (DMP): Hair spray

  • diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP): Banned

  • diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP): Cosmetics

  • CHOICE.com.au - (Phthalates) "have been found to have endocrine disruption effects, and have been linked with endometriosis and early puberty in girls, and reproductive organ abnormalities and reduced fertility in males. They can also act on the thyroid, and have been linked with obesity" - Note that there appears to be an error in thsi article: Restrictions apply to childrens toys, not cosmetics and household consumer goods. You can verify this by search for each CAS number above.

Amina Kitching