Fragrance, Parfume, Perfum
SCA endorses products with the Allergy Certified logo, that restrict all fragrances (including essential oils) to a CTU combined total usage of 1% or less for leave-on products, and 3% or less rinse off products. Fragrances or pearfume or perfume are artificial aromas mad e by man in a laboratory from thousands of different artificial chemicals. By comparison, essential oils are extracted from plants, derived from nature. Common irritants used to create artificial fragrances can contain phthalates, chemicals that help the aroma last longer. Fragrances can be irritating to the airways, eyes & the skin, they can even be absorbed via the skin & into the blood. Manufacturers are not required to list their the ingredients used to make each fragrance, on product labels, they can state ‘fragrance; without indicating what chemicals it contains.
CAS No: 879-67-4; 52844-21-0; 2257-09-2; 6379-73-3; 67801-43-8; 7779-72-8. CAS No: 6502-23-4, 7774-82-5, 142-83-6, 52844-21-0, 3613-30-7, 7775-00-0, 65405-84-7, 33885-51-7, 93981-63-6, 605-85-6, 1333-52-4, 68459-99-4, 10316-66-2, 7549-37-3, 40910-49-4, 6379-73-3, 68213-86-5, 2114-29-6, 101-85-9. CAS No: Confidential. SYNTHETIC MAN MADE FRAGRANCES; Synonym(s): AROMA, PARFUM, PARFUME OR PERFUME; INCLUDING TRADE SECRET AROMAS. Related content: Phenol, 2-methoxy-4-methyl-, acetate.
HOW IS IT USED?
Fragrances are used in almost evevery product including 'fragrance free' products; masking agents are used. Synthetic man made fragrances are found in; colognes, perfumes, fragrance mists, eau de cologne. A fragrance/perfume is imparts and diffuses an aroma, a fragrant odor.
RESEARCH - WHAT THE EXPERTS SAY
NICNAS - IMAP - Tier III - Human Health; not restricted for use; Critical Health Effects "The critical health effects identified have not changed from the Tier II assessment [potential skin sensitisation and systemic long-term effects (genotoxicity and carcinogenicity)]." And, "Health Hazard Information Fragrance ingredients may pose a concern in relation to their potential skin sensitisation, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity hazards. Since the time of the Tier II assessment of these chemicals, no animal data have become available on skin sensitisation and carcinogenicity." - NICNAS October 2018
"This Tier II group assessment includes further refinement of the risk characterisation for these chemicals where possible, and outlines the most significant data gaps that would need to be addressed to further refine the risk assessment." - NICNAS Australia September 2015
"The word "fragrance" or "parfum" on the product label represents an undisclosed mixture of various scent chemicals and ingredients used as fragrance dispersants such as diethyl phthalate. Fragrance mixes have been associated with allergies, dermatitis, respiratory distress and potential effects on the reproductive system. Synonym(s): AROMA; PARFUM" - EWG
"Linked to cancer and neurotoxicity. “Many fragrances are toxic. Some of these fragrances may be phthalates, which can act as obesogens (cause obesity) and may otherwise disrupt normal endocrine function, including reproductive health. Phthalates may cause developmental defects and delays.” – Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Chemistry Expert.